Architecture as system: A study of housing systems evolution

Abstract = 15 times | PDF = 98 times

Main Article Content

Hoshyar Qadir Rasul

Abstract

Understanding architecture via the concept of system came after numerous, rapid and different developments upon all aspects of architecture, especially since the last third of past century till the present day.Some theories characterized architecture as the complex whole that based on the different relationships and interrelationships with different sciences, besides of the multiplicity and independency of internal components, it should be assigned into the world of integrated system.This study attempts to explain the phenomenon of architecture through the concept of (system), in order to include both its cognitive (the subject) - which is potential, and realistic presence (the object) -which is explicit. This study tries to explore both sides of the concept, in order to understand the architectural system -in one hand and determining its components -in the other hand.To find out how these systems which have been developed via some housing projects, as an integrated system; comprised by secondary sub-systems with clear limits, within the total system of the housing project. This study follows the inductive and descriptive approach as a methodology, depending on the related literatures and applied available theories in residential projects during different periods of time.The study aims to identify the systems and levels, set to reach a comprehensive understanding of the architectural system in general, and the evolutions of housing systems, in particular, benefiting from the rapid developments of this architectural style (Housing), which have been seen in many various levels too.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

References

Abaalkhail, M. (2015). Futuristic vision to the residential architecture Al-benaa magazine. Vol.
36 No. 300. 42.


Al-Bayatti Consultation Bureau (2011).

Sulaimanyia Hills project documents. Sulaimanyia: Despres C. (1991). “The meaning of home” literature review and direction for future research and theoretical development. The journal of
architectural. Vol. 100 34-46




Ferguson, F. (1975). Architecture, Cities and the Systems Approach, New York: George Braziller Inc.
Habraken N.J.: (1972). An Alternative to Mass Housing, LONDON: Architectural Press. 2. 37. Handler, Benjamin A. (1970). System approach to
Architecture. New York: American Elsevier publishing company Inc. 35-36.
Hidegger. M. (1997). Building, Dwelling, Thinking.

United Nations: 38, 15.

Meiss, Pierre von. (1990). Elements of Architecture from form to place .1st English edition. New York: E &FN son. 63.
Mirmiran Amir. (2012). Housing in Mega cities - A Systems Engineering Approach. Istanbul, Turkey: the XXXVIII IAHS World Congress. 2012. 16-19
Mohd Idrus Din. (2012). Noraini Bahri, Mohd Azmi Dzulkifly, Mohd Rizal Norman, Kamarul Anuar Mohamad Kamar, and Zuhairi Abd Hamid, The adoption of Industrialised Building System (IBS) construction in Malaysia. Gerontechnology. Vol.11
No.2. 175-183

Moschella A. (2012). Systemic Approach for a Sustainable / Responsible Design: Thinking and Proposals. Turkey: the XXXVIII IAHS World Congress April 16-19, 2012, Istanbul,. 940-945.
OIKODOMOS 2011c. Housing Concepts, Lifelong learning programme. 34.
OIKODOMOS 2011c. Housing Concepts, Lifelong learning programme. 35.
OIKODOMOS 2011c. Housing Concepts, Lifelong learning programme. 36.
Rapaport, Amos. (1969). House form and culture.

London, Preafice-Hall. 42- 58.

Rasul, Hoshyar Qadir. (2003). b. Architecture and Technology. – The study on technology’s act on architecture. PhD thesis, Baghdad University – college of Engineering, 78-81.
Rasul, Hoshyar Qadir. (2003). a. Architecture and

Technology. The study on technology’s act on

architecture. PhD thesis, Baghdad University –

college of Engineering. 77-78.

Rasul, Hoshyar Qadir. (2003). c. Architecture and Technology, the study on technology’s act on architecture. PhD thesis, Baghdad University – college of Engineering. 85-86.
Robinson, Julia w. (1991). Premises; Architecture as cultural medium. USA: Princeton Architectural Press. 157.
Schömer, Göran Ervin. (1997) .The theory of the production of architectural space. The National Association of Swedish Architects, Stockholm, Abstract of the Report of Building Research ISSN.
1400-2930.

Vibaek, Kasper Sanchez. (2011). c. System structures and architecture – Constituent elements of a contemporary industralised Architecture. Ph. D. thesis, The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts – School of Architecture .14.
Vibaek, Kasper Sanchez. (2011). a. System structures and architecture – Constituent elements of a contemporary industralised Architecture. Ph.D. thesis, The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts – School of Architecture .75
Vibaek, Kasper Sanchez.( 2011). b. System structures and architecture – Constituent elements of a contemporary industralised Architecture. Ph. D. thesis, The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts – School of Architecture .79.