Copyright and Intellectual Propriety

KJAR Journal applies the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International) license. This allows authors to retain copyright ownership while permitting users to download, print, reuse, archive, and distribute the article, with appropriate credit to the authors and source. The copyright and license information will be indicated on all published articles.

The authors should use original, unpublished content in their manuscripts whenever possible. If reproducing previously published material, authors must obtain written permission from the rightsholder for reuse in both print and electronic formats and pay any associated fees. Alternatively, material from sources under a CC BY license or public domain may be used.

The authors should certify that their manuscript and supporting items are their own intellectual property, free of plagiarism, fabrication, falsification, or manipulated citations, and comply with KJAR authorship policies. Authors retain full copyright and intellectual property rights, including the right to modify, reshare, repost, or archive any version. They also agree to keep all communications with reviewers or editors confidential.