Authorship and Contributorship

Individuals qualifying for authorship will be recognized as authors on the manuscript, provided they satisfy the following conditions: (1) they have substantially contributed to the concept, design, execution, data collection, or the analysis/interpretation of the study; (2) they have been involved in critically revising the manuscript for key intellectual content; and (3) they have reviewed and consented to the manuscript's final version, as well as its submission for publication.

Contributors who have offered significant support to the project (e.g., technical assistance, writing or editing aid, general support) but do not meet the authorship criteria should not be listed as authors. Instead, their contributions should be acknowledged in the 'acknowledgements' section, provided their consent has been documented.

The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that all individuals meeting the authorship criteria are correctly listed as authors and that no ineligible individuals are included. They must also confirm that all listed authors have approved the manuscript's final version and its submission for publication.

Authors should carefully consider the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the final list of authors at the time of submission. Prior to the manuscript's acceptance, the journal editor must approve any changes to the authorship list, including the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of authors. To request a change, the corresponding author must provide the reason for the change and obtain written confirmation (such as an email or letter) from all authors agreeing to the addition, removal, or rearrangement. If an author is being added or removed, their confirmation is also required.

Authors’ responsibility
The authors of each manuscript are asked to confirm that:

1) The manuscript has not been previously published or submitted elsewhere;
2) They made a significant contribution to the work and approved the final version of the manuscript;
3) Their work complies with ethical standards;
4) They are accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved;
5) They have obtained all necessary permissions to publish any figures or tables in the manuscript and assure that the authors will pay for Article Processing Charges (APC) if applicable.

Author Contribution
KJAR follows the CRediT (Contributor Roles Taxonomy) guidelines. Accordingly, all authors should meet authorship criteria and make substantial contributions to the work. It is expected that all authors will have reviewed, discussed and agreed to their individual contributions as shared by the corresponding author.

Contributor role Role definition
Conceptualization Ideas; formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims.
Methodology Development or design of methodology; creation of models
Software Programming, software development; designing computer programs; implementation of the computer code and supporting algorithms; testing of existing code components.
Validation Verification, whether as a part of the activity or separate, of the overall replication/reproducibility of results/experiments and other research outputs.
Formal analysis Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyze or synthesize study data.
Investigation Conducting a research and investigation process, specifically performing the experiments, or data/evidence collection.
Resources Provision of study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools.
Data Curation Management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data and maintain research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself) for initial use and later reuse.
Writing – original draft preparation Creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation).
Writing – review and editing Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision – including pre- or post-publication stages.
Visualization Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically visualization/data presentation.
Supervision Oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team.
Project administration Management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution.
Funding acquisition Acquisition of the financial support for the project leading to this publication.

Changes to authorship or contributorship

If there is any change in authorship and/or contributorship after the initial submission, approval from all authors must be presented. This applies to additions, deletions, changes of order to the authors, or contributions being attributed differently. Any change must be explained to the Editor. The Editor may seek ascertainment from any of the authors/contributors regarding whether they have agreed to any change.