Knowledge of Healthcare Professionals Regarding Hepatitis B in Rania Hospitals

Abstract = 56 times | PDF = 13 times

Main Article Content

Zhino Raouf Ali Mohammed Rasol Ahmed Khalid Muhamad Hamad Zhiar Hussen Wsu

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health problem worldwide especially for healthcare professionals (HCPs). It is a potentially life-threatening condition because leads to liver infection, and liver cancer. There is a shortage of research on undergraduate students. The main aim of this study was conducted to assess the level of knowledge of health care professionals regarding HBV at Rania hospitals in the Kurdistan region of Iraq during the period of 20th October 2019 to 16th April 2020. Non- probability purposive sample of (303) HCPs; for data collection, the study instrument was constructed and designed through reading literature, books, and articles which included (42) items. Reliability of the instrument was determined through the use of stability reliability (test and retest) approach which was estimated as r = (0.83.)The data were collected through the use of the interview technique then organized and coded into computer files. Statistical approaches were uses for data analysis, which includes: descriptive and inferential statistics and chi-square, data analysis (SPSS version 25). The results indicated that the majority of the study samples were in the age group (≤ 30)) years and the female participants was more than male, three-quarters of the participants were married, most of them were graduated from institute nursing and less than half of HCPs had 6-10 years of employment, but the majority of the participants were not trained at all, and most of them had not immunized against HBV vaccine. Three-quarters of HCPs had moderate knowledge regarding HBV infection. Also, the current study demonstrated a significant association between the educational level and HCP's knowledge regarding HBV, at a P value less than 0.05. on site other hand, there was no significant association between HCP's age, gender, marital status, years of employment, and training course concerning hepatitis with the level of knowledge regarding HBV. The researchers recommended to the ministry of health and directorate of health in Rania city to complete vaccinate against HBV for all HCPs and participating their staff in healthy scientific issues and symposiums.

Keywords

Knowledge, Hepatitis B virus, health care professionals, Rania hospitals, Kurdistan region of Iraq

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

References

[1] M. Aniji, N. Kavitha, S. Balamuralitharan, “Approximate solutions for HBV infection with stability analysis using LHAM during antiviral therapy,” Bound Value Probl , pp. 80, 2020.
[2] WHO, “hepatitis," Abril. 31, 2020 [Online]. Available: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hepatitisb#:~:text=Hepatitis%20B%20is%20a%20potentially,from%20cirrhosis%20and%20liver%20cancer. [Accessed: Sept. 12, 2020]. (General Internet site)
[3] S. Gupta, “Studies on hepatitis viruses : life cycle, structure, functions, and inhibition,” London: Elsevier/Academic Press, 2018.
[4] D. Moralejo, R. El Dib, R. Prata, P. Barretti, I. Corrêa, “Improving adherence to Standard Precautions for the control of health care‐associated infections,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2018.
[5] Federal Bureau of Prisons Clinical Practice Guidelines, “Medical Management of Exposures: HIV, HBV, HCV, Human Bites, and Sexual Assaults,” 2014.
[6] A. Pruss-Ustun, E. Rapiti, Y. Hutin, “Sharps injuries: Global burden of disease from sharps injuries to health-care workers,” 2014.
[7] G. Abeje, M. Azage, “Hepatitis B vaccine knowledge and vaccination status among health care workers of Bahir Dar City Administration, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study,” BMC infectious diseases, 15(1), pp.30, 2015.
[8] S. Shah, N. Nisar, M. Qadri, “Knowledge regarding Hepatitis-B among EPI vaccinators working in District South, Karachi,” PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, 23(4), pp.538, 2007.
[9] S. Samuel, S. Aderibigbe, T. Salami, O. Babatunde, “Health workers’ knowledge, attitude and behaviour towards hepatitis B infection in Southern Nigeria,” International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 1(10), pp.418-424,2009.
[10] World Health Organization, “Hepatitis B Fact Sheet N: 204,” Geneva 2000. [Online]. Available: http//:www.who.intmediacentre/factsheet/ fs204/en/2000. [Accessed: Sept. 12, 2000]. (General Internet site)
[11] R. Elizabeth, U. Ross, “The ethics of infection prevention among health care workers. Canadian Med,” Asso. J., 164(10), pp. 1447-1448, 2001.
[12] S. Setia, R. Gambhir, V. Kapoor, G. Jindal, S. Garg, “Attitudes and Awareness Regarding Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Amongst Health. Care Workers of a Tertiary Hospital in India,” Annals of medical and health sciences research, 3(3), pp.551-558, 2013.
[13] R. Yacoub, R. Al Ali, G. Moukeh, A. Lahdo, Y. Mouhammad, M. Nasser, “Hepatitis B vaccination status and needlestick injuries among healthcare workers in Syria,” Journal of global infectious diseases, 2(1), pp. 28, 2010.
[14] T. Hang Pham, T. Le, D. Nguyen, C. Luu, B. Truong, P. Tran, et al., “Knowledge, attitudes and medical practice regarding hepatitis B prevention and management among healthcare workers in Northern Vietnam,” PloS one, 14(10), pp. e0223733, 2019.
[15] C. Gajana, M. Gauta, “Study Of Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Of Universal Precautions Among Health Care Workers In Rural Hospital Delhi,” International-Journal-Of-Scientific-Research, 6(6), 2017.
[16] G. Abeje, M. Azage, “Hepatitis B vaccine knowledge and vaccination status among health care workers of Bahir Dar City Administration, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study,” BMC infectious diseases, 15(1), pp. 30, 2015.
[17] A. Kabir, S. Tabatabaei, S. Khaleghi, S. Agah, , A. Kashani, M. Moghimi, , et al., “Knowledge, attitudes and practice of Iranian medical specialists regarding hepatitis B and C,” Hepatitis monthly, 10(3), pp.176, 2010.
[18] A. Jimenez, N. El-Din, M. El-Hoseiny, M. El-Daly, M. Abdel-Hamid, S. El Aidi, “Community transmission of hepatitis B virus in Egypt: results from a case–control study in Greater Cairo,” International journal of epidemiology, 38(3), pp.757-765, 2009.
[19] M. Mutocheluh, K. Kwarteng, “Knowledge and occupational hazards of barbers in the transmission of hepatitis B and C was low in Kumasi, Ghana,” The Pan African Medical Journal, pp. 20, 2015.
[20] W. Alashek, C. McIntyre, M. Taal, “Hepatitis B and C infection in haemodialysis patients in Libya: prevalence, incidence and risk factors,” BMC infectious diseases, 12(1), pp.265, 2012.
[21] CDC, “Hepatitis B Information - FAQs,” Statistics, Data and Guidelines, 2020.
[22] H. Qasim, A. Alarabi, K. Alzoubi, “The effects of hookah/waterpipe smoking on general health and the cardiovascular system,” Environ Health Prev Med, 24, pp. 58, 2019.
[23] B. Navabakhsh, N. Mehrabi, A. Estakhri, M. Mohamadnejad, H. Poustchi, “Hepatitis B Virus Infection during Pregnancy: Transmission and Prevention,” Middle East journal of digestive diseases, 3(2), pp. 92–102, 2011.
[24] S. Shah, N. Nisar, M. Qadri, “Knowledge regarding Hepatitis-B among EPI vaccinators working in District South, Karachi,” PAKISTAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, 23(4), pp.538, 2007.