Comparison of Growth Traits and Yields Components of five Chickpeas Genotypes (Cicer arietinum L.) at Bakrajo/ Sulaymaniyah Conditions

Abstract = 738 times | PDF = 146 times

Main Article Content

Jalal Omer Ahmed Dara Yara Mohammad Anwar Rashid Abdulla Chnar Hama Noori Meerza

Abstract

This study was carried out in Bakrajo Technical Institute, affiliates to the Sulaimania Polytechnic University. The investigation was done to find the relationships between genotypes and sowing times of five chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.) during 2017-2018 seasons. Genotypes and sowing time are two significant variables which have impact on crop performance. However, heat stress throughout reproductive growth it is possible to cause Significant productivity loss. According to the environment conditions in winter season in the northern Iraq; crop meets slight heat and the acceptable moisture during reproductive growth and maturity. This leads to resulting in maximum and consistent yields, as well as there is a positive correlation between Maturity and Seed Yield (kg/h) as resulted from the experiment. Experimentation was laid out in a randomized complete blocks design (RCBD) with three replications applied. Results of analysis of variance outlined that there was significant difference between chickpeas varieties in the most of traits such as no. of branches per plant, 50 % flowering, no. of pods per plant ,leaf area , seeds weight per plant and the 100 seeds weight plus harvest index, which in turn give a share in to raise yields and yield components. Sowing time and varieties had significant effects on all measured trait, Ghab 1; Filip 2 and Filip 3 winters sowing genotypes gave higher seed yield, 1582.66, 1554.66 and 1533.33 Kg/h respectively. Minimum yield 662, 480 Kg/h was recorded in the Local and Swrka spring sowing genotype.

Keywords

Key words: Comparative, Chickpea, Genotypes, Sowing date, Growth traits, Yield Components.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

References

[1] A.R.Abdulla, “Comparison of Six Different Wheat Genotypes (Triticum Spp.) and Effectiveness of Some Growing Characters and Yield,” Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 23( 9) , pp.2264-2269, 2015.
[2] N. Abdul-Razzak Tahir, and D.A. Omer, “GENETIC VARIATION IN LENTIL GENOTYPES BY MORPHO-AGRONOMIC TRAITS AND RAPD-PCRThe,“ Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 27.(2), pp. 468-480, 2017.
[3] S. Hossein Vafaei, N. Azadbakht and R. derikvand, “Integrated management of Ascochyta Blight of Chickpea in Lorestan Province of Iran,” Technical Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 3(4) , pp. 294-297, 2013.
[4] A. Namvar; R. S. Sharifi,and T.Khandan, “Growth analysis and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in relation to organic and inorganic nitrogen fertilization,” Ekologija, 57(.3) , pp. 97–108, 2011.
[5] H. Han and B. K. Baik, “Antioxidant Activity and Pheno-lic Content of Lentils (Lens culinaris), Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.), Peas (Pisum sativum L.) and Soybeans (Glycine max), and Their Quantitative Changes during Processing,” International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 43(11) , pp. 1971-1978, 2008.
[6] W.J, Kaiser; A.M, Ghanekar;Y.L. Nene;B.S. Rao & V. Anjaiah,” Viral diseases of chickpea. In: Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Chickpea Improvement”, Chickpea in the Nineties, pp. 139–142, 1990.
[7] G. S. Hussein, “Effect of sowing date and herbicides on Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) growth, yield, yield components and companion weeds under rain-fed conditions at Duhok governorate,“ Kufa Journal for Agricultural Sciences, 9(2) , pp. 263-291, 2017.
[8] P. S, Sharma, PM. Gaur , S. Tripathi, L. Kaur, A. Basandrai, T. Khan, C.L. Gowda and KHM. Siddique, “Development of screening techniques and identification of new sources of resistance to Ascochyta b. Llight disease of chickpea,” Australasian Plant Pathology, 40, pp.149-156, 2011.
[9] SH. Sabaghpour, D.Shariari, F. Mahmoodi, K. and Keshavarz, M. Selati, “ Performance of new Ascochyta blight resistance chickpea,”Paper presented at the 16rd Iranian Plant Protection Congress,University of Tabriz,Tabriz, Iran, 2004.
[10] K. Ahmed and M. S. Awan, “Integrated management of insect pests of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in South Asian countries: Present status and future strategies – A review,” Pakistan J. Zool, 45(4) , pp. 1125-1145, 2013.
[11] YT. Gan, KHM. Siddique, WJ. MacLeod and P. Jayakumar, “ Management options for minimizing the damage by ascochyta blight (Ascochyta rabiei) in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.),“Field Crops Research , 97, pp.121–134, 2006.
[12] Wa. N. Chemining, and K. Vessey, “The abun¬dance and efficacy of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae in cultivated soils of eastern Canadian prairie,“ Soil Biology & Biochemistry 38, pp. 294- 302, 2006.
[13] S. Albayrak, C.S. Sevimay and O. Tongel, “Effect of inoculation with Rhizobium on seed yield and yield components of common vetch (Vicia sati¬va L.),” Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 30, pp. 31-37, 2006.
[14] V. Devasirvatham , D. K. Y. Tan, P. M. Gaur, T. N. Raju A and R. M.Trethowan, “High temperature tolerance in chickpea and its implications for plant improvement,” Crop and Pasture Science, 63(5) , pp. 419-428, 2014.
[15] S. Ozdemir and U. Karadavut, “ Comparison of the performance of autumn and spring sowing of chickpeas in a temperate region,“ Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 27, pp.345-352, 2013.
[16] S. Abbo, D. Shtienberg, J. Lichtenzveig, S. Lev- Yadun and A.Gopher, “ The chickpea summer cropping and a new model for pulse domestication in the ancient near east,“ The Quarterly Review of Biology 78, pp. 435–438, 2003.
[17] K. Shamsi, “The effect of sowing date and row spacing on yield and yield components on Hashem chickpea variety under rain fed condition,“African Journal of Biotechnology, 9 ( 1) , pp. 007-011, 2010.
[18] A.R. Abdulla, J. O.Ahmed and S. Q. Mahmood, “Comparisons of Six Hybrids Corn (Zea mays L.), in Terms of Yields and Components in Sulaimania,” American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci, 15(.5) , pp. 848-852, 2015.
[19] J. O. Ahmed, A. R Abdulla and R.A. Mohammed, “Comparative on yield and its components performance and correlation in some Broad bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes at Bakrajo, Sulaimani,“ American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ . Sci, 16(.3) , pp. 635-640, 2016.
[20] D.Y. Mohammad, J. O. Ahmed, N. A. L. M. Albadree and A.R.Abdulla, “THE EFFECTS OF SEED’S SIZE, AND REMOVAL TESTA TREATMENT ON GERMINATION RATIO AND PERIOD OF FABA BEAN STORED SEEDS (VICIA FABA VAR. ECUADELJE),“ International Journal of Research – GRANTHAALAYAH, 6( 3) , pp. 191-201, 2018.
[21] O. Sadeghipour and P. Aghaei, “ Comparison of autumn and spring sowing on performance of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Varieties,“ International Journal of Biosciences, 2(6) , pp. 49-58, 2012.
[22] C. Iliadis, “Evaluation of six chickpea varieties for seed yield under autumn and spring sowing,“ Journal of Agricultural Science 137, pp. 439-444, 2001.