Assessment the knowledge of mothers regarding Diarrhea of Children less than five years at Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) Arbit camp: A descriptive study

Abstract = 1096 times | PDF = 726 times

Main Article Content

Attallah Omer Kasem Layla Abdulkhalk Abas Shahow Abdulrahman Ezzaddin Ibrahim Tofiq Ahmed Rozhgar Abdulla Saleem Awaz Kamal Maulud


Diarrhea is the 2nd chief reason of child death widespread. Low- and middle-income countries are especially exhausting with this both avoidable and treatable condition. Aim: To investigate how children’s health less than five years affected by diarrhea at Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Arbit camp. This study was carried out from december22th 2015 to march 20th 2016. Non-probability sampling a convenience sample of (103) mothers of internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) Arbit camp were selected for the purpose of the study.. It was comprised of two parts; the first part includes the mothers' demographic attributes and the second part assessed the knowledge of diarrhea with (20) yes or on questions. The main results obtained from the study are as follows, more than the half (54.40%) of mothers are (18-25) years old, the (49.50%) of mothers have moderate Socio-economic status, (99.00%of mothers are housewife,, also (54.40%) of the mothers have one child less than five years. The (46.60%) of mothers are illiterate and only (32.00%) of husband read and write and According to the family size of the study (51.50%) of mothers has five children. About the distance of water sources (56.30%) of mothers needs more than 5 minutes to reach water sources, (47.60%) of them have received health education regarding diarrhea held in primary health care center. There was statistically significant relationship between mother’s knowledge of diarrhea and (age group, educational level of husband, educational level of the mother, and occupational status of mother, socioeconomic status, and source of information). So the following recommendation is  suggested, highlight the need for excessive nutritional educational program, about diarrhea should be implemented for mothers, good sanitation and improvement of housing conditions especially water resources at arbit camp


Mothers' knowledge ,Children less than five years, Internally Displaced Persons, Poor sanitation, Water contamination. Food hygiene


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details


[1] AB Patel, R Ovung, NB Badhoniya, MJ Dibley. Risk factors for predicting diarrheal duration and morbidity in children with acute diarrhea. Indian J Pediatr. 2012; 79:472–477.

[2] CS Yilgwan, SN Okolo. Prevalence of diarrhea disease and risk factors in Jos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Ann Afr Med. 2012; 11:217–221.

[3] B Banerjee, S Hazra and D Bandyopadhyay, Diarrhoea management among under fives. Indian Pediatric. 2004; 41 (3): 60-255.

[4] P Chongbanyatcharoen. Acute diarrhea's recommendations on oral rehydration therapy and feeding. Med Assoc Thai. 2005;88(Suppl 1):S30-4.

[5] K. Yassin, “Morbidity and risk factors and diarrhea diseases among under-five children in rural Upper Egypt,” Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, vol. 46, no. 5, 2000, pp. 282–287.

[6] World Health Organization (WHO), Integrated Management of Childhood Illness, 2010.

[7] H Salmalin, S Omidva, ME Douki. Maternal knowledge and attitude on prevention and care toward diarrhea disease in under five years old children in Babol 2001. J Babol Uni Med Sci. 2004; 24(7):81-7.

[8] ORC Central Statistical Authority and Macro.Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2011.

[9] WHO World Health Organization, World Water .Day Report, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2000.

[10] ME Motlagh, A Heidarzadeh, H Hashemian, M Dosstdar. Patterns of Care Seeking During Episodes of Childhood Diarrhea and its Relation to Preventive Care Patterns: National Integrated Monitoring and Evaluation Survey (IMES) of Family Health. Islamic Republic of Iran. Int J Prev Med. 2012; 3(1):60-7.

[11] K. Oadi and M. Kuitunen, “Childhood diarrhea morbidity in the Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana: socio-economic, environmental and behavioral risk determinants,” Journal of Health and Population in Developing Countries, Article ID 17646, 2005, pp. 33–46.

[12] C. L. Fischer Walker, I. Rudan, L. Liu et al., “Global burden of childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea,” The Lancet, vol. 381, no. 9875, 2013, pp. 1405–1416.

[13] A. G. Yohannes, K. Streatfield, and L. Best, “Child morbidity patterns in Ethiopia,” Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 24, no. 2, 1992, pp. 143–155.

[14] Federal Ministry of Health, National Strategy for Child Survival in Ethiopia, Family Health Department, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2005.

[15 A Chiabi,., F Monibenimp,., J. B Bogne,., V Takou,., & Tetanyee. Current approach in the management of diarrhea in children. Clinical mother and child health ,2010 ,7(1), 1243-1251.

[16] Center for Disease Control, Guidelines for the Management of Acute Diarrhea, Department of Health and Human Services in United States, 2008.

[17] J Gascon, M Vargas, D Schellenberg, H Urassa, C Casals, E Kahigwa, et al. Diarrhea in children under 5 years of age from Ifakara, Tanzania: a case-control study. J Clin Microbial. 2000; 38:4459–62.

[18] United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) End Decade Databases. World Summit for Children on Diarrhea disease. Review of decade progress 2000.

[19] HM Haroun, MS Mahfouz, El Mukhtar M, Salah A. Assessment of the effect of health education on mothers in Al Maki area, Gezira state, to improve homecare for children under five with diarrhea. J Family Community Med. 2010; 17(3):141-6.

[20] S Fuchs and C Victora. Risk and prognostic factors for diarrheal disease in Brazilian infants: a special case-control design application, Cad. Saúde Pública, Rio de Janeiro journal, (2002); 18(3):773-782.

[21] T. Gerald, O. Keusch, and B. Alok, Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, World Bank, Washington, DC, USA,2001.

[22] H Pink, Daniel. "Investing in Tomorrow's Liquid Gold". Yahoo. Archived from the original on April 23, 2006.

[23] West, Larry ."World Water Day: A Billion People Worldwide Lack Safe Drinking Water". 2006-03-26.

[24] L Fewtrell, B Kaufmann, D Kay, W Enanoria, L Haller., J Colford. Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions to reduce diarrhoea in less developed countries. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infectious Disease 2005. 5:42–52

[ 25] B Bruijn,. “Human Development Research. The Living Conditions and Well-being of Refugees.” 2009 pp.25.

[26] N Leon-Cava, S Lutter, J Ross, L Martin. quantifying the benefits of breastfeeding: A summary of the evi-dence. Pan American Health Organization, Washington DC, 2002.

[27] SC Porter, GR Fleisher, IS Kohane, KD Mandl. The value of parental report for diagnosis and management of dehydration in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2003; 41(2):196–205.

[28] JN Friedman, RD Goldman, R Srivastava, PC Parkin. Development of a clinical dehydration scale for use in children between 1 and 36 months of age. J Pediatr. 2004; 145(2):201–207.

[29] A Ghasemi, A Talebian, N Alavi and G Mousavi.Knowledge of Mothers in Management of Diarrhea in Under-Five Children, in Kashan, Iran ,Nursing and Midwifery Studies, (2013),1(3): 62-158.

[30] L Roberts, Y Chartier, O Chartier, G Malenga, Toole M, Rodka H. Keeping clean water clean in a Malawi refugee camp: a randomized intervention trial. Bull World Health Organ. 2001;79:280–287.

[31] A El-Gilany and S Hammad .Epidemiology of diarrhoeal diseases among children under age 5 years in Dakahlia, Egypt. East. Mediterr. Health J (2005). 11 (4):75-762.

[32] PK Jensen, JH Ensink, G Jayasinghe, W van der Hoek, S Cairncross, A Dal sgaard .Effect of
chlorination of drinking-water on water quality and childhood diarrhoea in a village in Pakistan. J Health
Popul Nutr, 2002:. 21:26-31

[33] RE Quick, A Kimura, A Thevos, M Tembo, I Shamputa, L Hutwagner, E Mintz Diarrhoea
prevention through household-level water disinfection and safe storage in Zambia. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2002: 66(5): 584-9

[34] V Curtis, S Cairncross. Effect of washing hands with soap on diarrhea risk in the community: A systematic review. Lancet Infect Disease 2003; 3:275-81.

[35] . R Ejemot, J Ehiri, M Meremikwu, J Critchley.Hand washing for preventing diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008. 23:CD004265.

[36] R Stanwell-Smith, S Bloomfield. Milano: Arti Grafiche Bazzi;. The hygiene hypothesis and implications for home hygiene (A report commissioned by the International Scientific Forum on Home Hygiene), 2004 p. 40.

[37 AH EI Gilany, Hammeds Epidemiology of diarrhoeal diseases among children under 5 years of age in Dakahlia, Egypt. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2005; 11:4. ad received ORS and (75%) had received antibiotics.