Outcome of Excision with Primary Midline Closure for Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Sinus Disease

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Bahzad Waso Hamad

Abstract

Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal sinus disease is common chronic inflammatory disease affecting chiefly young adult male . It cause much discomfort and morbidity and affect negatively the quality of life of patients. There are various techniques of surgical treatment for the chronic sinuses but still there is no gold standard one. The aim of this study to report our experience with excision and midline closure technique of chronic Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal sinus disease and to identify the outcome of the procedure for postoperative wound complications and recurrence rate. This is a retrospective study with telephone contact and review of 36 patients operated for Sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease from January 2011 through January 2016 under care of one consultant surgeon (the Author) in Public and Private Hospitals in Rania, Sulaimani, Iraq. Inclusion criteria was all patients with chronic midline located sinuses without evidence of acute inflammation. Exclusion criteria was all infected ,off midline located sinuses and recurrent sinuses. Elliptical Excision of the sinuses with primary midline closure over a vacuum drainage performed. End point of this study was rate of wound complications and recurrence of sinus. Thirty six patients with median age 22 years (range 14-40) with 24/12 male /female ratio. Median follow up was 24 months (12 - 66 months), the recurrence occurred in 3/36 ( 8.3%) patients at a median of 12 months (range 5 - 48), failure of treatment in 5/36 (13.9%) patients, and postoperative wound complications was seen in 5/36 ( 13.9%) patients. In the conclusion, excision and primary midline closure is simple, effective and preferable procedure for management of uncomplicated Sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease associated with early wound healing and low rate of postoperative wound complications and recurrence rate.

Keywords

Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal

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References

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