Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Medical Students of Sulaimani Regarding Modern Lifestyle And Its Effect On Health

Abstract = 79 times | PDF = 121 times

Main Article Content

Bushra M. Ali Saman Mohammed Shajwan Akram Saya Salar Lezan Baxtiar Lawen Ismail Shad Nawzad


The objectives of this study are to assess level of knowledge, attitude and practice of medical students about modern lifestyle and its impact upon health, in association with different colleges. A cross sectional study was conducted among 420 students, in a convenient sampling way, Data collected from 18th to 22nd of September 2019 in a self-administrated manner from four different medical colleges (Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy and Veterinary.) in university of Sulaimani. Data entered on Excel sheets and analyzed with SPSS program version 22. Chi square was used to get the association P value equal and less than (0.05) regarded statistically significant. Most of the students (82.1%) had heard about a modern lifestyle with highest percentage of participants (90.5%) from college of medicine, and (69.3%) knew that technology has a major role in creating a modern lifestyle, with a significant P value of (0.001). Nearly half of the students (54.5%) believed to be living a modern lifestyle and most of them (66.2%) were from college of dentistry. About (49.5%) of students believed that financial status can sometimes put limits on lifestyle choice with most of them (52.7%) being from college of dentistry  with p value of (0.001). Majority of students (995%) used social media with most of them (97.4%) being from college of medicine. Nearly (66%) of participants didn’t exercise and highest percentage (78.1%) from college of pharmacy with a significant (P value 0.007). Participants in general had good knowledge and positive attitude regarding the topic, but they had a negative practice with managing stress, time and depression and had negative habits regarding exercise and having healthy diet. In addition college of medicine had highest knowledge and attitude among the four medical colleges, but regarding the practice college of pharmacy was the best.


Modern life style, Medical students, Sulamani. Iraq


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details


[1] W. Inc. (2019). BD dictionary. Available:

[2] A. study, "English Essay on “Modern Lifestyle” English Essay-Paragraph-Speech " 2019.

[3] D. D. Farhud, "Impact of lifestyle on health. Iran J Public Health," p. 44, 2015.
[4] C. G. Corina D.C, Geta M. ,Doina C.C D.C, "The importance of healthy lifestyle in modern society a medical, social, and spiritual perspective.," European Journal of Science and Theology, 2014.

[5] A. M, D. Z, D. M, and V. V, "Knowledge and Practice of Medical Students on Healthy Lifestyle: A Cross-
Sectional Study in Shiraz," J Health Sci Surveillance Sys vol. 1, p. 80, 2013.

[6] R. A., Y. V. B., and N. A.B., "Practice among Malaysian University Students, Asian pacific journal of cancer
prevention," 14, vol. 3, 2013.

[7] Shivaprasad and D. S. Prakash, "Modern lifestyle and its impact on well being of B- School students: A case study
of AIMS, Bangalore. ," International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health 2016.

[8] D. Wang, X.-H. Xing, and X.-B. Wu, "Healthy Lifestyles of University Students in China and Influential Factors,"
Scientific world journal, 2013.

[9] D. A. Ali, "Knowledge of the Relationships between Oral Health, Diabetes, Body Mass Index and Lifestyle
among Students at the Kuwait " University Health Sciences Center, Kuwait. Karger AG, 2015.

[10] K. M., W. B., J. M., T. H., M. Ali., and A. A., "Health promoting lifestyle of university students in saudi arabia," J BMC public Health vol. 18, 2018.
[11] N. i. Ahmad, M. R. Hamzah, and S. H. Ayub, "The Level od Knowledge,Attitude and Practice of Healthy
Lifestyle among the University students in Kedah/Perlis," International Journal of Business and Techonopreneurship, vol. 1, no. 3, 2011.

[12] J. Velten, A. Bieda, S. Scholten, A. Wannemüller, and J. Margraf, "Lifestyle choices and mental health," BMC
Public Health, 2018.

[13] B. M. Melnyk, C. Slevin, J. Hoying, and C. M. Alice Teall, "Physical health, lifestyle beliefs and behaviors, and
mental healthof entering graduate health professional students," Journal of the American Association of Nurse practitioners, vol. 28, p. 8, 2015.

[14] M. Heidari, M. Borjian, M. Ghodusi, and M. Shirvani, "Relationship of lifestyle with academic achievement in
Nursing students. ," Journal of clinical & diagnostic research, vol. 11, p. 3, 2017.

[15] A. Afshin and D. mozaffarian, "Infornation technology and lifestyle," Journal of the American Heart
Association, vol. 5, 2016.

[16] H. Ghaleb and N. Al-Khamees, "The Perception of College Students about a Healthy Lifestyle and its
Effect on their Health.," Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences, vol. 5, p. 4, 2015.

[17] Veronica-varela, Jose.M, C. Ayan, V. Martin, and A. Molina, "Lifestyle and Health among Spanish University
Students: Differences by Gender and Academic Discipline," International journal of environmental and public
health, vol. 10, p. 8, 2012.

[18] J. Britz and E. Pappas, "Sources and Outlets of Stress among University Students: Correlations between Stress and Unhealthy Habits,"Undergraduate Research Journal For Human Sciences, 2010.
[19] T. L. Wright, "Body Image and Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Among University Students," no. University of
North Florida. Florida, USA, 2012.

[20] A. Khare, "Impact of Indian Cultural Values and Lifestyles on Meaning of Branded Products: Study on
University Students in India.," Journal Of International Consumer Marketing, vol. 23, no. 5, 2011.

[21] D. G. M. Baloch, A. R. Chhachhar, and W. V. Singutt, "Influence of Religion on Life Style and Social Behavior
in Christianity Perspective of Malaysian Christian Student," Journal Of Basic And Applied Scientific Research, 2014.

[22] J. Williams. Geographical factors that affect development.

[23] C. C. Foundation, "Lifestyle Choices: Root Causes of Chronic Diseases," 2013.
[24] H. Elias, W. S. Ping, and M. C. Abdullah, "Stress and Academic Achievement among Undergraduate Students
in University Putra, Malaysia," Elsevier Ltd, 2011.

[25] S. Bashir, Z. Bashir, and M. Nazir, "Time Management and its Application in Academic Life: A Study of Omani Students at Dhofar University, Sultanate of Oman," Anglisticum Journal (IJLLIS), vol. 4, no. 2, 2015.
[26] J. Wright, "The effect of video game play on academic performance," Modern psychological studies, vol. 17, no.
1, 2011.

[27] C. H. van, G. I.J.M., H. Bosma, M. P. J. van, J. Jolles, and J. T.M., "Associations Between Lifestyle and Depressed
Mood: Longitudinal Results From the Maastricht Aging Study," American Journal of Public Health, vol. 97, no. 5, 2007.

[28] N. Yahia, C. A. Brown, M. Rapley, and M. Chung., "Level of nutrition knowledge and its association with
fat consumption among college students.," BMC Public Health, vol. 16, no. 1047, 2016.

[29] A. R., A.O.B.,G. K.,S. Cicerale , K.E., and M.G "Micronutrient Supplement Use and Diet Quality in University Students.," Nutrients journal, 2015.