Evaluation of Nurses’ Performance Regarding Personal Protective Equipment at Rania Teaching Hospital

Abstract = 422 times | PDF = 155 times

Main Article Content

Bayan Omar Sharif Frishta M. Khdir Padasht M. Khdir Sarezh A. Rasul


Personal protective equipment (PPE) refers to protective clothing that acts as a barrier between infectious materials such as viral, bacterial contaminants and the skin, mouth, nose, eyes and mucous membranes. It includes gloves, mask, eye goggles and gown. It is a shortage of study of university students. The aim of the current study was performing to provide demographic data and to evaluate nurse’s performance regarding PPE at Rania teaching Hospital in Kurdistan region of Iraq, during the period of 10th October up to 7th of March. A non- probability purposive sample of (72 nurses), data collection of the study instrument was constructed of total (42) items. A professional team that contains of (11) experts were performed validity of the instrument. Reliability of the instrument was determined through the use of Equivalence (inter-rator or inter-observer), the data were collected through the use of evaluation technique then organized and coded into computer files. Statistical approaches were uses for data analyzed, also data analysis by (SPSS version 25). The result has revealed that highest age of the sample was between 30-39  years and most of them were institute nurses and more than half of nurses had less than 10 years of employment but most of them not trained yet. The majority of nurses were performed many nursing procedures such as wound dressing, suturing, suctioning, naso-gastric tube and  Foley catheter insertion without using PPE properly and without washing hands before procedures. Also, there was no significant relationship between personal protective equipment and some socio- demographic data. The researchers recommended training course regarding personal protective equipment by the ministry of health/infection control department and participants of symposia.


Nurses, Evaluation, personal protective equipment, Rania Teaching Hospital.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details


[1] J. D. Siegel, E. Rhinehart, M. Jackson, and L. Chiarello, "2007 Guideline for isolation precautions preventing transmission of infectious agents in healthcare settings," 2007.
[2] J. Sreedharan, J. Muttappallymyalil, and M. J. I. j. o. p. h. Venkatramana, "Knowledge and practice of standard measures in occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among nurses in a University Hospital in the United Arab Emirates," vol. 7, no. 1, 2010.
[3] A. C. d. Oliveira, M. d. D. M. Silva, J. L. J. T. Garbaccio, and Contexto-Enfermagem, "Clothing of health care professional as potential reservoirs of micro-organisms: an integrative review," vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 684-691, 2012.
[4] D. Pittet, B. Allegranzi, J. Boyce, W. H. O. W. A. f. P. S. F. G. P. S. C. C. G. o. E. J. I. Control, and H. Epidemiology, "The World Health Organization guidelines on hand hygiene in health care and their consensus recommendations," vol. 30, no. 7, pp. 611-622, 2009.
[5] P. Segal, "The Role of Personal Protective Equipment in Infection Prevention History," 2016. [Online]. Available: Available online: https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/personal-protective-equipment/role-personal-protective-equipment-infection-prevention-history.
[6] W. H. Organization, Personal protective equipment for use in a filovirus disease outbreak: rapid advice guideline. World Health Organization, 2016.
[7] A. Lakshmi, C. M. J. I. J. O. C. M. Paul, and P. Health, "A study on personal protective equipment use among health care providers, Tamil Nadu," vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 1771-1774, 2018.
[8] W. H. Organization, "Hand hygiene in outpatient and home-based care and long-term care facilities: a guide to the application of the WHO multimodal hand hygiene improvement strategy and the “My Five Moments For Hand Hygiene” approach," 2012.
[9] J. B. J. T. J. o. t. A. C. o. C. W. S. Shah, "The history of wound care," vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 65-66, 2011.
[10] S. I. Berríos-Torres et al., "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guideline for the prevention of surgical site infection, 2017," vol. 152, no. 8, pp. 784-791, 2017.
[11] B. Gillespie and C. J. P. I. T. A. J. O. W. M. Fenwick, "Comparison of the two leading approaches to attending wound care dressings," vol. 17, no. 2, p. 84, 2009.
[12] M. Jeanne, B. Gemender, and D. J. A. N. T. Reising, "Investigating nurses’ dressing change techniques," pp. 53-55, 2007.
[13] J. McNeely, J. H. Arnsten, and M. N. J. H. r. j. Gourevitch, "Sterile syringe access and disposal among injection drug users newly enrolled in methadone maintenance treatment: a cross-sectional survey," vol. 3, no. 1, p. 8, 2006.
[14] R. C. Feneley, I. B. Hopley, P. N. J. J. o. m. e. Wells, and technology, "Urinary catheters: history, current status, adverse events and research agenda," vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 459-470, 2015.
[15] S. Hakim, N. Abouelezz, and E. J. E. J. O. M. El Okda, "Use of personal protective devices among health care workers in a teaching hospital in Cairo, Egypt," vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 287-300, 2016.
[16] S. Scheithauer et al., "Compliance with hand hygiene in patients with meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing enterobacteria," vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 320-323, 2010.
[17] E. N. Aguwa, S. U. Arinze-Onyia, and A. Ndu, "Use of Personal Protective Equipment among Health Workers in a Tertiary Health Institution, South East Nigeria: Pre-Ebola Period," 2016.
[18] S. Punia, S. Nair, and R. S. J. I. s. r. n. Shetty, "Health care workers and standard precautions: Perceptions and determinants of compliance in the emergency and trauma triage of a tertiary care hospital in south India," vol. 2014, 2014.
[19] I. Jeong, J. Cho, and S. J. A. j. o. i. c. Park, "Compliance with standard precautions among operating room nurses in South Korea," vol. 36, no. 10, pp. 739-742, 2008.
[20] A. Asare, C. C. Enweronu-Laryea, and M. J. J. T. J. o. I. i. D. C. Newman, "Hand hygiene practices in a neonatal intensive care unit in Ghana," vol. 3, no. 05, pp. 352-356, 2009.
[21] H. M. El Shazly, N. A. Khalil, R. A. Ibrahem, and S. A. A. J. M. M. J. Wahed, "Knowledge and practice of healthcare providers as regards routine children vaccination in primary healthcare facilities of Quewisna District, Menoufia Governorate," vol. 29, no. 4, p. 1018, 2016.
[22] H. C. C. Neves, A. C. S. Souza, M. Medeiros, D. B. Munari, L. C. M. Ribeiro, and A. F. V. J. R. L.-A. d. E. Tipple, "Safety of nursing staff and determinants of adherence to personal protective equipment," vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 354-361, 2011.