Assessment the knowledge of mothers ‘toward home accident among children less than five years in Polytechnic University of Sulaimani

Abstract = 22 times | PDF = 55 times

Main Article Content

Attallah O. Qasem Layla A. Abas Burhan A. Hama Hussein Muhammed S. Qadir Faisal Abdula Salih


Children accidents are an essential source of death and wounds among children during the first of life. Annually, millions of children are constantly becoming handicap or blemished because of mishaps.Objective: To assess knowledge of children mothers toward home accidents in polytechnic University of Sulaimani. Methodology: A simple random sample of (110) respondents were selected.. The data collected and composed during the utilization of a created questionnaire, with two parts; the first part assessed the knowledge of children mothers with (20) yes or no questions and the second part includes the mothers' demographic attributes. A pilot study was carried out for the period of December 18th to 28th 2015 in order to conclude the questionnaire accuracy during the use of (Test – Retest). A panel of (8) experts was include in the determination of the questionnaire content validity Data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical data analysis approach (frequency and percentage), and inferential data analysis approach (Mean of Scores).).The results of the study revealed, the mean age of the mothers was (1.86) years, (58.2%) of them had completed secondary school, (88.2%) of mothers have more than five children, (89.1%) of mother’s were in moderate socio-economic status, (47.3%) of mothers have personal reading information,(58.2) of the child were male,(13.6%) of mothers have knowledge about safe housing condition held in Maternal and Child Health Centers.The conclusion of this study revealed that, inadequate children mothers’ knowledge regarding home accidents among children less than six years held in Maternal and Child Health Centers during the antenatal period. So the recommendation are suggested, reinforces the need for effective education program via mass media, for mothers. 


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details


[1] C. Khasnabis, World Report on Child Injury Prevention. Geneva, WHO. 2009.
[2] J. Alper.Home safe home, Healthology", Inc. www.hsh.Com, 2003.
[3] Aggarwal R, Singh G, Aditya K Pattern Of Domestic Injuries In A Rural Area Of India. Internet J Health, 2010, 11(2)
[4] J. Parkkari, P .Kannus, S. Niemi, S. Koskinen, M .Palvanen, Vuori I, et al. Childhood deaths and injuries in Finland in 1971–1995. International journal of epidemiology. 2000; 29(3):516–23.
[5] N. Othman,. Epidemiology of Home accidents in the East Mediterranean Region: a systematic review. BMC Public Health. , 2010, 10 (83): 1471-2458.
[6] W S .Hamza,"Epidemiology of accidents among children in a village in Assiut Governorate". Master Thesis public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, 2000.
[7] Wong Chin Khoon. Home safety and prevention of home accidents in young children. Bulletin 24. January 2002 MITA (P) No: 161/06/ ,2002.
[8] B .Laursen, H. Møller..Unintentional injuries in children of Danish and foreign-born mothers. Scand J Public Health August, 2009, 37:577–583.
[9] LD .Howe, SR. Huttly, Abramsky TRisk factors for injuries in young children in four developing countries: the young lives study. Trop Med Int Health. Oct; 2006, 11(10):1557–1566.
[10] E. Uskun, F .Alptekin, M .Oztürk, AN .Kis¸ioğlu. The attitudes and behaviors of housewives in the prevention of domestic accidents and their first aid knowledge levels. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg., 2008, Jan;14(1):46–52.
[11] D. .Macgregor, Injuries associated with falls from beds. Injury Prevention. Dec, 2000,. 6 (4):291-2.
[12] F E .Helmy, S A.Labeeb, & I F .Shafie,"Assessment of home environmental risk factors regarding accidents among preschool children. Assiut University", Bulletin for environmental researchers , 2000:,5 (1), pp. 21-29.
[13] M A .Abd El-Wahed, H H .Mitwally, & N M .Mahmoud,"Preventive program for home injuries among rural children in Egypt and Oman". Alexandria journal of pediatrics, 14 (1), 2000, pp. 65-71.
[14] Wong Chin Khoon ,Home safety and prevention of home accidents in young children. Bulletin 24. January , MITA (P) No: 2002,161/06/2002.
[15] JD. Black,.Local wellness policies and the dietary guidelines: What does it mean to you? J Am Diet Assoc,2005, 105(6):891–893.21.
[16] D.Scheven, P .Barker , Govindasamy Burns in rural Kwa-Zulu Natal: epidemiology and the need for community health education. J. Burns. Dec. 2012, 38(8):1224–1230.
[17] EG. Kamel, SA .Emam, ES .Mohammed. Knowledge, attitude and practice among rural mothers about home-related injuries in a rural area in El-Minia Governorate, Egypt SJPH, 2014, 2:653-659
[18] M J. Robinson, & D M .Roberton,"Practical pediatrics, (5th ed.), Churchill Living Stone company", New York, 2003, p. 172.
[19] J A .Allender and B W .Spradley,"Community health nursing concepts and practice", (5th ed.). Lippincott, Philadelphia, 2001, pp. 540-541.
[20] MM. Jan, FH. Hasanain, AA .Al-Dabbagh ,.Infant and child safety practices of parents. Saudi Med J. Dec.2000, 1142–1146.
[21] K. Tsoumakas, E .Dousis, F. Mavridi., and A .Gremou. Parent’s adherence to children’s homeaccident preventive measures, International Council of Nurses, International Nursing Review, 2009: 56, pp. 369–374.
[22] O.O. Oyerinde and O. O. Obiyemi, Risk Factors in the Homes: A Case Study of the Opinions of Staff in
Ilorin Township Schools. Nigerian School Health Journal Vol. 2002: 14(2), 2002
[23] H. H. Ibrahim, Investigative epidemiology of childhood accidents in EL-Fatah district, Doctor Thesis, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, 2004.