Effect of planting distances and Humic Acid application on some vegetative growth and yield of Broad bean (Vicia faba L. var. Somar) in outdoor condition

Abstract = 377 times | PDF = 105 times

Main Article Content

Chnar Hama noori Meerza Arsalan Azeez Marif Ardalan Jalal Majeed

Abstract

The seeds of the Somar variety (local production) were planted in mid of October (after being soaked with water for 16 hours) in panels 1.5 x 2 meters. Broad bean (Vicia faba var. Somar) was studied in outdoor to determine the effect of three planting distances (20, 25 and 30 cm), four different Humic Acid (HA) concentration doses (zero, 1.5, 3.0 and 4.5) ml / liter H2O, with three replicates on some of the plant’s vegetative and yield traits; Plant Height (cm), Plant Diffusion (cm), Number of Branches /Plant, Number of Flowers / Plant, Number of Pods / Plant, % percentage of Pods Set, Total Pods Yield /plant (gm), Pod Weight (gm). The (HA) were added by spray way directly to the top of the soil with two applications, the first after 3 weeks from complete germination, while the second after branching immediately. The experiment was designed as Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). Based on Total pods yield / plant (gm), the best interaction between the plant distance and different concentration of (HA) was a combination of the planting distance 30 cm, and treated the soil with 3.0 ml/ literH2O.

Keywords

Broad bean, planting distance, Humic acid, Vegetative traits and yield.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

References

[1] H. Allayer, T. Brady, “Classification and Botanical Description of Legumes”,University of Cambridge – Annual Report (England), 2010.
[2] F. Etemadi, Dr.M. Hashemi, Dr.F. Mangan, Dr.S. Weis, FAVA BEANS: Growers Guide in New England, Massachusetts Amherst University (New England), 2015.
[3] K. L. Peterson,” Effect of Humic Acids and Plants Densities on Growth, and Productivity of Two Broad Bean Varieties”,A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of Miami University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master degree of Science. Miami University. Ohio, 2017.
[4] N. N. Ameer, D. Ahmad, A. S. Abdullahi, “The effect of planting distance on the growth and yield of beans (Vicia faba L.) under drip irrigation system”, African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 7(46), pp. 6110-6114, 2012.
[5] N.Al-Suhaibani, S. El-Hendawy1, U. Schmidhalter, “Influence of Varied Plant Density on Growth, Yield of Faba bean Vicia faba, L”, Turkish Journal of Field Crops 18(2), and 185-197, 2013.
[6] B.A. Bakry; T.A. Elewa; M.F. El karamany; M.S. Zeidan , M.M. Tawfik, “Effect of Row Spacing on Yield and its Components of Some Faba Bean Varieties under Newly Reclaimed Sandy Soil Condition”, Department of Field Crops Research, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 7 (1): 68-72, 2011.
[7] Grower Note, Faba bean. “Research on Unregistered Agricultural Chemical Use,” Grower Research and Development Cooperation GRDC ISBN: 978-1-921779-09-1, 2017.
[8] A.N. Matlowb, A.d. S. Mohamad, K.S. Abdul, “Vegetable Production – Part one”, University of Mosul Press Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. Iraq, 1980.
[9] J. W. Patri, F. L. Stoddard, “Physiology of flowering and grain filling in faba bean”, Field Crops Research 115 (3):234-242 University of Helsinki. Finland, 2010.
[10] I. G. Ayu, M. S. Agung, “Studies on pod and seeds growth of faba bean Vicia faba, L. under rain fed of water stress and high temperature”, Thesis submitted for the degree of doctor of philosophy. University of Adelaide – Faculty of Agricultural and Natural Resource Science – Department of Plant Science, 1995.
[11] “Broad bean cultivation”, Agricultural Bulletin. Directorate of General Agricultural Archives. Ministry of Agriculture Baghdad – Iraq, 2015.
[12] Y. Genk, G,Lyons, “Replenishing Humic Acids in Agricultural Soils”, Agronomy Communication. Australia; michael@biogon.com.au, 2016.
[13] Anonyms, “Soil Biotics, What Is Humic Acid? and Where Does It Come from?”, Research for results, www.soilbiotics.com, 2010.
[14] Ş. Akinch, T. Buyukkeskin, A. Eroglu, B. Eygi, “The Effect of (H.A) on Nutrient Composition in Broad Bean (Vicia faba L.) Roots”, ISSN 2067-3205; Electronic 2067-3264. Note Science Biology 1 (1) pp: 81-87,2009.
[15] V. Mora, J. M.Garcia-Mina, M. Olaetxea, Jean-c. Yvin, “Main mechanisms involved in the effects of Humic substances on soil-plant systems”. Agrociencia 16:188-190. Universidad de Navarra, 2012.
[16] A. A. Hassan, A. M. Salim, “Effect of spraying of (H.A) on the growth and yield of two varieties of potatoes”,Diyala Journal of Agricultural Research. Volume 3 (2): 712 – 721. Diyala – Iraq, 2011.
[17] M. A. Ali and A. J. Mjeed, “Biochar and Nitrogen Fertilizers Effects on Growth and Flowering of Garland Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum Coronarium L.) Plant,” KJAR, 2(1), pp. 8–14, 2017.
[18] A. J. Mjeed, M. A. Ali, “Effect of Gyttja and Nitrogen Applications on Growth and Flowering of Snapdragons (Antirrhinum majus L.) Plant in the Two Soils Depth,” KJAR, 2(1), pp. 1–7, 2017.
[19] R. A. Qadir, H. M. Amin,A. J. Mjeed, “Effect of growing seasons, plant extracts with various rates on Black Bean Aphid, Aphis Fabae (Aphididae: Homoptera),” KJAR, 3(1), pp. 22–26, 2018.
[20] H. J. Seltman,”Experimental Design and Analysis”, Book is on the World Wide Web, 2018.
[21] A. N. N. Kakahy, D. Ahmad1, A. S. Abdullahi, “The effect of planting distance on yield of beans (Vicia faba L.) Under drip irrigation system”. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 7(46), 110-114. Academic Journals, 2012.
[22] T. B., Ş. Akinci, A. E. Eroğlu, “Effects of (HA) on Root Development and Nutrient Uptake of Vicia faba L. (Broad Bean) Seedlings Grown under Aluminum Toxicity”. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 46:277–292, 2015.
[23] A.M. Gezahegn; K. Tesfaye, J.J. Sharma, M.D. Belel,” Determination of optimum plant density for faba bean (Vicia faba L.)”, on verticals at Haramaya, Eastern Ethiopia. Soil & Crop Science Research, 2016.
[24] A.Kholdi, S. Sedaghathoor, E.Poursafarali, “Effect of nitroxin and (h.a) on yield andyield components of faba bean under rainy condition”, Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 60, No. 3, Pages 361-367. Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran, 2015.
[25] R. J. Grav, G. G. Rowi, “Effect of plant density on yield and components of yield of faba bean”, Canadian journal of plant science. Vol. 67 (1); 1 – 10 Agronomy section, 1987.