Ovarian Development of House Fly (Musca domestica L.) (Diptera: Muscidae)

Abstract = 588 times | PDF = 122 times

Main Article Content

Karim Mohammed Xider Havall M. Amin

Abstract

The ovarian development of Musca domestica, was examined under light microscope. There are two ovaries in the adult female of fly. Each ovary was formed of about 60-70 polytrophic ovarioles. The ovariole in cross sections organized in several circles. From cytological observations, ovary development and oogenesis could be divided in to 6 stages; ovaries with no noticeable follicle cells existing were characterized as (stage1), the follicle-growing stages considered as (stage2, 3), the vitellogenen in stages (stages4, 5(and mature egg stage (stage6). The oocyte initiated development at first stages of oogenesis; the nurse cells and follicle epithelial cells were considered to fulfill important functions with regard to the growth of the oocyte.

Keywords

Musca domestica, Muscidae, ovarian development, oogenesis.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

References

[1] A.Malik, N.Singh, S.Satya, “House fly (Musca domestica): a review of control strategies for a challenging pest,” Journal of Environmental Science and Health, B.42:453-469, 2007.
[2] S.M.Palacios, A.Bertoni, Y.Rossi, R.Santander, A.Urizua, Insecticidal activity of essential oils from native medical plants of central Argentina against the house fly, Musca domestica L., Parasitology Research,106:207:750, 2009.
[3] T.K.Graczyk, R.Knight, R.H. Gilman, M.R.Cranfield, “The role of non-biting flies in the epidemiology of human infectious diseases,” Microbes and Infection, 3:231-235, 2001.
[4] O .C.Ugbogu, N.C. Nwachhukwu, U.N. Obguagu, “Isolation of from houseflies in Uturu, Nigeria,” Africian Journal of Biotechnology, 5:1090-1091, 2006.
[5] World Health Organization, Enviromental Health in Emergencies and Diaters. Apractical guide, Genva, Switterland, 2002.
[6] H.Sakuri,”Studies on the ovarian development in house fly, Musaca domestica Vicina Macquart,” Japan, J. Med. Sci. Biol., 26,239-248, 1973.
[7] M.Mazzini, “An overview of egg structure in orthopteriod insects,” In: Bacccetti BM, editor. Evolutionary Biology of orthopteroid Insects, Vol.11.Chichester, UK: Ellis Horwoodltd, pp.358-372, 1987.
[8] R.Singh, Elements of Entomology, Part2. Morphology,Physiology and Development, Chapter 10, Reproductive System, Meerut, India: Rastogi Publications, pp.153-164, 2007.
[9] P.F.Bonhag, “Ovarian structure and vitellogenesis in insects,” Ann. Rev. Entomol., 3: 137:160, 1985.
[10] J.T.Bradley, M. Kloc, K.G Wolfe, B.H. Estridge, S.M.Bilinsk, “Balbiani bodies in cricket oocyte s: development, ultrastructure, and presence of localized RNAs Differentiation,” 67:117-127, 2001.
[11] L.Swevers, AS Raikkhel, TW Sappington, P. Shirk, K.Iatrou, “Vitellogenesis and post-vitellogenic maturation of insect , follicle.In: LI.Gilbert, K. Iaotrou, SS. Gill, “editors Comprehensive Molecular Insect Science,” Oxford, UK: Elsevier, pp87-155, 2005.
[12] L.L.Fruttero, S.Frede, ER. Rubiolo, LE. Caavoso, “The storage of nutritional resources during vitellogenesis Panstrongylus megistus (Hemiptera: Reduviidae): the pathways of lipophorin in lipid delivery to development oocytes,” J. Insec Physiol, 57:475-482, 2011.21
[13] D.Valle, “Vitellogenesis in insect and other groups-a review,” Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz, 88:1-26, 1993.
[14] H.H.Hagedorn, JG. Kunkel, “Vitellogenin and vitellin in insects,” Ann Rev Ent., 24: 475-505, 1979.
[15] A.P.Mahowald, Oogenesis.In: Developmental System; Insects,Vol 1, Counce, S J; Waddington, CH,eds, Academic press;London.,UK 1972; pp.1-47. Ho. Gutzeit, K. Sander “Establishment of Polarity in the insect egg (review),” Biology of fertilization, 1:346-377, 1985
[16] H.O. Gutzeit, K. Sander “Establishment of Polarity in the insect egg (review),” Biology of fertilization, 1:346-377, 1985.
[17] T.S.Adams, J.P.Reinnecke, “The reproductive physiology of the screwworm, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae),” J. Med. Entomol., 15, 472-483, 1979.
[18] J.Kubrakiewicz, A.Jablonska, M.Mazurkiewicz, S.M.Bilinski, “Differentiation and diversification of the follicular cells in flies: insight from the studies of the lower brachycerans ovaries,” Genesis, 36:214-224, 2003.
[19] M.Mazurkiewicz, J.Kubrakiewicz, “Follicular cell differentiation in polytrophic ovaries of a moth midge, Tinearia alternate,” Int. J. Dev. Biol., 52, 267-278, 2008.
[20] E.Gainoa, S. Piersanti, M. Rebora, “Egg envelope synthesis and chorion modification after oviposition in the dragonfly Libellula depressa (Odonata, Libellulidae),” Tissue and Cell, 40, 317-324, 2008.
[21] C.A.Neves, L.Gitirana, B.Serrao, “Ultrastructure of the midgut endocrine cells in Melipona quadrifasciata anthidioides (Hymenoptera, Apidae),” [J.E] Bra. J. Biol., 63: 683-690, 2003.
[22] M.Zelazowska, “Structure of the ovary and the differentiation of follicular epithelium in the pig louse, Haematopinus suis (Insecta: Phthiraptera),” Folia Biol. (Krakow), 53:51-60, 2005.
[23] M.M. Akiner, S.S.Caglar, “The status and seasonal ch anges of organophosphate and pyrethroid resisstance in Turkish populations of the house fly, Musca domestica L., (Diptera: Muscidae)” .Journal of Vector Ecology, 31(1):58-64.2005.
[24] K.M. Farahanullah, A.S.Muzaffer, “Toxicity of crude neem leaf extract against house fly Musca domestica L., adults as copared with DDVP ,Dichlorvos,” Turk. J. Zool., 24(4): 219-223, 2000.
[25] T.Kence, T.Jdeidi, “Effect of Malathion on larval competition in house fly (Diptera: Muscidae) populations,” J. Econo. Entomo., 90 (1): 59-65, 1997.
[26] T.Chaiwong, K.Sukontason, U.Chaisr, B. Kuntalue, C.Vogtsberger, K.I.Sukontason, “Ovarian ultrastructure and development of the blow fly, Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliphoridae), ”International journal of parasitology Research,4(1):65-70,2012.
[27] S.W.Luther, The house fly, its natural history, medical importance and control, Comstock Publishing Company, Ithaca, New York, pp. 36-38, 1951.

[28] M.S.Patil, K.R. Pawar, C.S. Jawales, “ Study of pesticide induced puffs in Chironomus striatipennis,”DAMA International.,1(2):35–38, 2012.
[29] C.Ozlem, “Oocyte development in Melano gryllus desertus (pallas, 1771) (Orthoptera: Gryllidae),” Turk J. Zool., 41:203-208, 2017.
[30] B.S.Fletcher, S.Pappas, E.Kapatos, “Changes in the ovaries of olive flies (Dacusoleae (Gmelin) during the summer, and their relationship to temperature, humidity and fruit availability,” Ecological Entomology, 3:99-107, 1978.
[31] M.J.Klowden, “Female reproductive system,” In:Klowenm MJ, editor. Physiology System in insects, Elsevier, pp187-223, 2007.
[32] K.S.Herman, E.Wolf, Symmetrical Pattern of follicle arrangement in the ovary of Musca domestica (Insecta, Diptera), Zoomorphology, 1981.
[33] K.H.Bier,”Synthese, interzellularer transport und Abbau von Ribnucleinsaureim Ovar der Stubenfliege Musca domestica,” J. Cell Biol., 16: +
[34] W.Engels, H.Bierk, “Zur Glykogen espeicherung wahrend der Oogenese und inhervorzeitigen Auslosungdurch Blockierung der RNS-Versorgung (Untersuchungen and Musca domestica),” Wilhelm Roux Arch., Entwicklungsmech Org, 158:64-88, 1967.
[35] H.H.Trepte, “Rate of follicle growth, duration of oogenesis stages and inter individual synchrony of egg development in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd egg cycle of the house fly, Musca domestica,” Zoo1. Jarb. Abt. Anat. Ontog. Tiere, 105:362-370, 1981.
[36] T.S.Detinova, “Age-grouping methods in Diptera of medical importance with special references to some vectors of malaria,” MonogrSer Word Health Organ, 47:13-191, 1978.
[37] A.N.Clements, M.R.Boocock,Ovarian development in mosquitoes: stages of growth and arrest and follicular resorption, Shell Research Limited, Sitting bourne Research Center, Sitting bourne, Kent, pp18, 1984.
[38] F.K. Adham, H. Mehlhorn, ZM. EL-Basheir, A.S.Yamany, “Light and electron microscopian studies on the development of the ovaries of Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus(Say)(Diptera:Culicidae),” Parasitol Res.,105:939-948, 2009.
[39] R.H. Elliott, C.Gillot, “Histological changes in the ovary in relation to yolk deposition, allatectomy and destruction of the medium neurosecretory cells in Melanophuss sanguinipes, J. Zool., 54: 185-192, 1976.
[40] A.Parithabhanu, K.J.Kussnumabegam, M.Deepak, “The role of follicular cells during vitellogenesis of oocyte in the Dragon fly Pantala flavescense (Fabricius) (Libellulidae:Anisoptera), International Journal of pure, pp: 334-336, 2013.

[41] T.Zhao, O.S.Graham, S.T.Raposo, “growing of microtubules push the oocyte nuleus to polarize the Drosophila dorsal and ventral axis,” Sci., 336 (6084): 999-1003.2012.
[42] B. Stay, “protein uptake in the Cecropia moth,” J.Cell. Biol., 28:49-62, 1965.
[43] S.Patchin, K.G.Davey, “The histology of vitellogenesis in Rhodnius prolixus,” J. Insect Physiol., 14:1815-1820, 1968.
[44] P.L. Oliveria, C.G.Katia, M. G. Damiao, M. Hatisaburo, "Uptake of yolk proteins in Rhodnius prolexus," J. Insect Physiol,32: 859-866,1986.
[45] A.J. Nicholson, “The development of the ovary and ovarian egg of a mosquito, Anopheles maculipennis,” Meig, Q J Micosc .Sci. 65:395-448, 1921.
[46] W.A.Samarawickrema, “Changes in the ovarariole of Mansonia (Mansonioides) mosquitoes in relation to age determination,” Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol., 56:110-126,
[47] D.S.Bertram, “The ovary and ovarioles of mosquitoes. MonogrSer World Health,” 47: 195-210, 1962.
[48] C.Ozlem, “Oocyte development in Melano gryllus desertus (pallas, 1771) (Orthoptera: Gryllidae),” Turk J. Zool., 41:203-208, 2017.
[49] P.E.Kendra, W.S.Montgomery, N.D.Epsky, R.R.Heath, “Assessment of female reproductive status in Anastrepha suspense (Diptera: Tephritidae),” Florida Entomologist, 89: 144-151, 2006 D.Valle, “Vitellogenesis in insect and other groups-a review,” Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz, 88:1-26, 1993.