Effect of growing seasons, plant extracts with various rates on Black Bean Aphid, Aphis Fabae (Aphididae: Homoptera)

Abstract = 829 times | PDF = 184 times

Main Article Content

rebin abdalrahman qadir Havall M. Amin Ardalan J. Majeed


Four plant extracts: Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus sp), Onion (Allium cepa Linn), Garlic (Allium sativum) and Cinnamon (Cinnamomum sp) with three extraction rates (0, 1 and 3) % in 2016 and 2017 seasons were used against aphid population in broad bean (Vicia faba). Some plants characteristic; Plant Height (cm), Fresh Weight.Plant-1 (g), Dry Weight.Plant-1 (g), Number of Pods.Plant-1, and aphid’s dead number after 6 hours and 24 hours were taken. Eucalyptus affected significantly on Number of Pods.Plant-1compared with the other extraction (7.416). As the extraction rate increased, all parameters increased. Pearson’s correlation test for traits in 2017 season indicated that there were a significant strong correlate and better than 2016 season among Number of Pods .Plant-1, Fresh Weight.Plant-1 (r = 0.770**), Dry Weight .Plant-1 (r = 0.816**), and M24 (r = 871**). Based on Number of Pods.Plant-1, the best interaction between the season, extraction types, and extraction rates, was a combination of the 2017 season × Eucalyptus extraction × 1% Extraction rate.  


Plant Extracts, Aphis Fabae, Broad Bean, Biological control, Bioactivity, Bakrajo-Sulaimani,


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details


[1] I. Kubo, “New concept to search for alternate insect control agents from plants”, In Elsevier: Naturally Occurring Bioactive Compounds 3, Eds., Rai, M. and M. Carpinella, Amsterdam, pp: 61-80, 2006.
[2] P. J. Pritchard, E. A. Dryburgh, and B. J. Wilson, “Carbohydrates of spring and winter field beans (vicia faba L.),” J. Sci. Food Agric., 24(6), pp. 663–668, 1973.
[3] C. L. Hedley, “Carbohydrates in grain legume seeds: Improving nutritional quality and agronomic characteristics”, Wallingford: CABI, 2000.
[4] S. Multari, D. Stewart, and W. R. Russell, “Potential of Fava Bean as Future Protein Supply to Partially Replace Meat Intake in the Human Diet,” Comprehensive Reviews In Food Science And Food Safety, 14(5) , pp. 511–522, 2015.
[5] L. M. Hansen, L. Lorentsen, and B. Boelt, “How to reduce the incidence of black bean aphids (Aphis fabae Scop.) attacking organic growing field beans ( Vicia faba L.) by growing partially resistant bean varieties and by intercropping field beans with cereals,” Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Soil & Plant Science, 58(4), pp. 359–364, 2008.
[6] R. L. Blackman and V. F. Eastop, “Taxonomic issues,in Aphids as crop pests, H. F. van Emden and R. Harrington”, Eds., Wallingford: CABI, pp. 1–29, 2007.
[7] M. J. Mihale, A. L. Deng, , H. O. Selemani, M. Mugisha-Kamatenesi, , A. W. Kidukuli, J. O. Ogendo, “Use of Indigenous knowledge in the management of field and storage pests around Lake Victoria basin in Tanzania”, African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 3(9): 251-259, 2009.
[8] J. O. Ogendo, S. R. Belmain, A. L. Deng, D. J. Walker, “Comparison of toxic and repellent effects of Lantana camara L. with Tephrosia vogelii hook and a synthetic pesticide against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in stored maize grain”, Insect science and its Application, 23(2): 127-135, 2003.
[9] K. Ruchika, D. Kumar, “Occurrence and infestation level of sucking pests: Aphids on various host plants in agricultural fields of Vadora”, Gujarat (India), 2012.
[10] P. C. Wall, S. M. Neate, R. D. Graham, D. J. Reuter, A. D. Rovira, “The effect of Rhizoctonia root disease and applied nitrogen on growth, nitrogen uptake and nutrient concentrations in spring wheat”, Plant Soil; 163(1):111–20, 1994.
[11] W. Zhonge, T. Gu, W. Wang, B. Zhang, L. Xiangui, Q. Huang, W. Shen, “The effects of mineral fertilizer and organic manure on soil microbial community and diversity,” Plant Soil, 326(1-2), pp. 511–522, 2010.
[12] T. D. Chermenskaya, E. A. Stepanycheva, A. V. Shchenikova, A. Sh. Chakaeva, “Insectoacaricidal and deterrent activities of extracts of Kyrgyzstan plants against three agricultural pests, Industrial Crops Products, 32: 157-163,2010.
[13] L. Feistein, “Insecticides from Plants Insect, year Book of Agriculture”, U.S. D.A Washington, 222-229, 1952.
[14] E. Dankowska and J. Bendowska, “Further studies on the effect of plant infusions on the feeding of Deroceras laeve (O. F. Müller, 1774),” Folia Malac., 14(2), pp. 57–60, 2009.
[15] D. Emilie, M. Mallent, C. Menut, F. Chandre, and T. Martin, “Behavioral Response of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) to 20 Plant Extracts,” (eng), Journal of economic entomology, 105(4), pp. 1890–1901, 2015.
[16] E. Salari, K. Ahmadi, and R. Zamani, “Study on the effects of acetonic extract of Otostegia persica (Labiatae) on three aphid species and one stored product pest,” (English), Advances in Environmental Biology, 4(3), pp. 346–349, 2010.
[17] E. Salari, K. Ahmadi, R. Z. Dehyaghobi, A. Purhematy, and H. M. Takalloozadeh, “Toxic and Repellent effecto of Harmal (Peganum harmala L.) Acetonic Extract on Several Aphids and Tribolium castaneum (Herbst),” Chilean J. Agric. Res., 72(1), pp. 147–151, 2012.
[18] Z. A. Habou, A. Haougui, G. Mergeai , E. Haubruge , A. Toudou, , F. J. Verheggen, “insecticidal effect of Jatropha curcas oil on the aphid Aphis fabae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and on the main insect pests associated with cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) in Niger”, Tropicultura, 29(4): 225-229, 2011.
[19] S. Mmbone, M. Mulaa, F. M. Wanjala, R. W. Nyukuri, E. Cheramgoi, “Efficacy of Tagetes minuta and Tephrosia vogelii crude leaf extracts on Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) and Aphis fabae (Homoptera: Aphididae)”, African Journal of Food Science and Technology, 5(8): 168-173, 2014.
[20] M. Rusin, L. Gospodarek, B. Binias, “The effect of water extracts from winter savory on black bean aphid mortality. Journal of Ecological Engineering, 17(1), Jan. 2016, pages 101–105, 2016.
[21] B. Subedi, K. Acharya, K, Kafle, “Effectiveness of Plant Leaf Extract on Black Bean Aphid (Aphis fabae Linn.),” Innovative Techniques in Agricul-ture, 2(3) : 395-399, 2018.
[22] M. Larif, A. Zarrouk, A. Soulaymani, and A. Elmidaoui, “New innovation in order to recover the polyphenols of olive mill wastewater extracts for use as a biopesticide against the Euphyllura olivina and Aphis citricola,” Res Chem Intermed, 39(9), pp. 4303–4313, 2013.
[23] P. Baidoo, “Effects of Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) Products on Aphis craccivora and its Predator Harmonia axyridis on Cowpea,” AJEA, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 198–206, 2012.
[24] A. Bagavan, C. Kamaraj, A. A. Rahuman, G. Elango, A. A. Zahir, G. Pandiyan, “Evaluation of larvicidal and nymphicidal potential of plant extracts against Anopheles subpictus Grassi, Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles and Aphis gossypii Glover,” (eng), Parasitology research, 104(5), pp. 1109–1117, 2009.
[25] T. Shiberu and M. Negeri, “Effects of Synthetic Insecticides and Crude Botanicals Extracts on Cabbage aphid, Brevicoryne brassicae (L.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Cabbage,” J Fertil Pestic, 7(1), 2016.
[26] H.Arya, B. R. Singh, K. Singh, “Insecticidal activity of petroleum ether extract of castor seeds against mustard aphid Lipaphis erysimi Kaltenbach”, Advances in Bioresearch, 5(1): 165-168, 2014.
[27] M. Sable, R. K. Kushwaha, “Efficacy of different plant leaf extract against mustard aphid Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt)”, Journal of Industrial Pollution Control, 30(2): 231-233, 2014.
[28] M. Marín-Domínguez, R. Pérez-Leal, A. Núñez-Barrios, M. Basurto-Sotelo, and J. M. Soto-Parra, “Exposition of Pecan Black Aphid (Melanocallis caryaefoliae) to creseote bush (Larrea tridentata) extracts,” AS, 5(14), pp. 1369–1375, 2014.
[29] R. Pavela, N. Vrchotova, B. Sera, “Repellency and toxicity of three Impatiens species (Balsaminaceae) extracts on Myzus persicae Sulzer (Homoptera: Aphididae)”, Journal of Biopesticides, 2(1): 48-51, 2009.
[30] H. Ikeura, F. Kobayashi, and Y. Hayata, “Repellent Effect of Herb Extracts on the Population of Wingless Green Peach Aphid, Myzus persicae Sulzer (Hemiptera: Aphididae),” JAS, 4(5), 2012.
[31] A. B. Hamouda, , K. Zarrad, , A. Laarif, , I. Chaieb, Insecticidal effect of Solanum elaeagnifolium extracts under laboratory conditions, Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 3(3): 187-190, 2015.
[32] B. NIA, N. FRAH, and I. AZOUI, “Insecticidal activity of three plants extracts against Myzus persicae (Sulzer, 1776) and their phytochemical screening,” aas, vol. 105, no. 2, pp. 261–267, 2015.
[33] A. Singh, R. Kataria, D. Kumar “Repellence property of traditional plant leaf extracts against Aphis gossypii Glover and Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley,” Afr. J. Agric. Res., 7(11), 2012.
[34] M. A. Ali and A. J. Mjeed, “Biochar and Nitrogen Fertilizers Effects on Growth and Flowering of Garland Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum Coronarium L.) Plant,” KJAR, 2(1), pp. 8–14, 2017.
[35] A. J. Mjeed, M. A. Ali, “Effect of Gyttja and Nitrogen Applications on Growth and Flowering of Snapdragons (Antirrhinum majus L.) Plant in the Two Soils Depth,” KJAR, 2(1), pp. 1–7, 2017.
[36] Md. Habibullah Bahar, Md. Aminul Islam, and Md. Abdul Mannan and Md. Jashim Uddin, “Effectiveness of some botanical extracts on bean aphids attacking yard-long beans,” no. 4(2), 2007.
[37] M. Hori, “Repellency of rosemary oil against Myzus persicae in a laboratory and in a screen house”, J. Chem. Ecol., 24, 1425-1432, 1998.
[38] M. Hori, “The effects of rosemary and ginger oils on the alighting behavior of Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Homoptera: Aphididae) and on the incidence of yellow spotted streak,” Appl. entomol. Zool, 34(3), pp. 351–358, 1999.